Pragmatics Analysis on Students’ Conversation at Grade Eleven of State of Vocational High School 1 Pematangsiantar

Authors

  • Cindya Septiany Simanjuntak Universitas HKBP Nommensen Pematangsiantar, Indonesia
  • Herman Herman Universitas HKBP Nommensen Pematang Siantar, Indonesia
  • Dumaris E Silalahi Universitas HKBP Nommensen Pematang Siantar, Indonesia
  • Rolan Manurung Universitas HKBP Nommensen Medan, Indonesia
  • Arwin Tannuary Sekolah Tinggi Akuntansi dan Manajemen Indonesia Pematang Siantar, Indonesia
  • Desi Afrianti Universitas Putra Indonesia "YPTK" Padang, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51278/anglophile.v3i2.614

Keywords:

Pragmatic Analysis, Maxim on Conversation, Expressing Opinions

Abstract

This research was intended to find out the kinds of maxim on students’ conversation at grade eleven of State of Vocational High School (SMK Negeri) 1 Pematangsiantar. This research used descriptive qualitative which the data were obtained through students' conversations about expressing opinions. The subject of this research was the students of SMK Negeri 1 Pematangsiantar at grade eleven in the academic year 2023/2024. The instrument of this research was mobile phone, because the classroom interaction flows quickly, mobile phone was needed to help capturing students’ conversation. The data were collected by using the voice recordings and the transcripts. The data were analyzed based on students' conversations, then classified based on the maxims used in the conversation into each type of maxim, the maxims are then calculated to find the dominant maxim. The result of this research showed that the students used maxim of quantity (18,8%), maxim of quality (21,9%), maxim of relation (6,3%) and maxim of manner (18,8%). It showed that the students’ conversation dominant used maxim of quality in their conversation to express opinions.

Keywords: Pragmatic Analysis, Maxim on Coversation, Expressing Opinions

References

Altmann, G., & Steedman, M. (1988). Interaction with context during human sentence processing. Cognition, 30(3), 91–238.https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0277(88)90020-0

Amaliyasari, M. R., & Widiyanah, I. (2019). Flouting maxim and hedging maxim in multicultural students interaction. Journey: Journal of English Language and Pedagogy, 2(2), 105–112. https://doi.org/10.33503/JOURNEY.V2I2.530

Burkhardt-Reed, M. M., Long, H. L., Bowman, D. D., Bene, E. R., & Oller, D. K. (2021). The origin of language and relative roles of voice and gesture in early communication development. Infant Behavior and Development, 65, 101648.https://doi.org/10.1016/J.INFBEH.2021.101648

Chan, C. S. C. (2021). University graduates’ transition into the workplace: How they learn to use English for work and cope with language-related challenges. System, 100, 102530. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SYSTEM.2021.102530

Deumert, A. (2015). Pragmatics : Language use in context 1. The Routledge Handbook of Linguistics, 10996, 205–220. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315718453-13

Dwi, A. (2015). An analysis of flouting maxim in efl classroom interaction. Journal Vision, 4. Ephratt, M. (2012). “We try harder” – Silence and Grice’s cooperative principle, maxims and implicatures. Language & Communication, 32(1), 62–79.https://doi.org/10.1016/J.LANGCOM.2011.09.001

Frazier, L., & Rayner, K. (1982). Making and correcting errors during sentence comprehension: Eye movements in the analysis of structurally ambiguous sentences. Cognitive Psychology, 14(2), 178–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(82)90008-1

Gafaranga, J. (2021). Other-language recalibration in bilingual broadcast news interviews in Rwanda: The directionality of a language choice practice. Journal of Pragmatics, 184, 74–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PRAGMA.2021.07.021

Grice, H. P. (1975). Logic and Conversation. Speech Acts, 41–58. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004368811_003

Grice, H. P. (1978). Further Notes on Logic and Conversation. Pragmatics, 113–127.https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004368873_006

Gultom, R. (2022). An Analysis of Cooperative Principle Maxim in the Written and Spoken Mode of Communication between Teacher and Students during Online Learning. Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research, 3(1), 19–43. https://doi.org/10.30659/JAMR.3.1.19-43

Güvendir, E., & Uzun, K. (2023). L2 writing anxiety, working memory, and task complexity in L2 written performance. Journal of Second Language Writing, 60, 101016. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSLW.2023.101016

Hald, L. A., Steenbeek-Planting, E. G., & Hagoort, P. (2007). The interaction of discourse context and world knowledge in online sentence comprehension. Evidence from the N400. Brain Research,1146(1), 10–218. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.BRAINRES.2007.02.054

Hamani, T., & Puluhulawa, Y. (2019). Pragmatics analysis of maxim flouting done by the main characters in kungfu panda movie by jonathan aibeL & GLENN BERGER. BRITISH, Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra Inggris, 08(1), 16–28.

Heiss, R., Nanz, A., & Matthes, J. (2023). Social media information literacy: Conceptualization and associations with information overload, news avoidance and conspiracy mentality. Computers in Human Behavior, 148, 107908. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CHB.2023.107908

Herman, Shara, A. M., Silalahi, T. F., Sherly, & Julyanthry. (2022). Teachers’ Attitude towards Minimum Competency Assessment at Sultan Agung Senior High School in Pematang Siantar, Indonesia. Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, 11(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.5430/JCT.V11N2P1

Kecskes, I., Obdalova, O., Minakova, L., & Soboleva, A. (2018). A study of the perception of situation-bound utterances as culture-specific pragmatic units by Russian learners of English. System, 76, 219–232. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SYSTEM.2018.06.002

Kravtchenko, E., & Demberg, V. (2022). Informationally redundant utterances elicit pragmatic inferences. Cognition, 225, 105159.https://doi.org/10.1016/J.COGNITION.2022.105159

Manurung, L. W. (2019). Flouting Maxims in Hitam Putih Talk Show. SUAR BETANG, 14(2), 151–166. https://doi.org/10.26499/SURBET.V14I2.126

Mao, Z., & Yang, S. (2019). International Perspectives on Teaching the Four Skills in ELT: Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, Anne Burns, Joseph Siegel (Eds.), Palgrave Macmillan     (2018),  xiv +260. System, 81, 214–216. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SYSTEM.2019.01.013

Murshidi, G. Al, Daoud, S., Derei, R. Al, Alhamidi, H., Jabir, W., & Sayed, N. (2023). Parental involvement in English as foreign language learners’ education: Challenges and solutions in a post-pandemic era. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 5, 100297. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.IJEDRO.2023.100297

Parsing Modifiers: Special Purpose Routines In The Human Sentence Processing Mechanism? (2012). Comprehension Processes in Reading, 303–330. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203052389-16

Rafika, R., Yuliasri, I., Warsono, W., Negeri Semarang, U., & Pascasarjana Unnes jl Kelud Utara, K. (2020). Flouting of Griceâ€TMs Maxims in the Humorous Utterances in American Situation Comedy 2 Broke Girls. English Education Journal, 10(4), 474–479. https://doi.org/10.15294/EEJ.V10I4.39465

Reflective Language Teaching: From Research to Practice - Thomas S. C. Farrell - Google Books.  (n.d.). Retrieved October 24,2023,from https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=IocQCAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR1&d q=Reflective+Teaching+in+Second+Language+Classrooms&ots=QgKkVObQ3l&sig=W

_c-yxvorWWTNChz1UjGOwOdLUA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Reflective Teaching in Second Language Classrooms&f=fals

Richards, J. C., & Lockhart, C. (1994). Reflective teaching in second language classrooms.218.

Rizqy, H. A., & Ardi, H. (2020). A Pragmatic Analysis of Politeness Strategies of Directive Expression Reflected in ‘Inglorious Basterds’ Movie. English Language and Literature, 9(4), 394–402. https://doi.org/10.24036/ELL.V9I4.110342

Shan, Y. (2023). Form (Prosody)-Meaning (Pragmatics) pairings of discourse markers: A case study of N? zh?dào (‘You Know’) as a construction in Chinese media interviews. Language & Communication, 93,136–154. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.LANGCOM.2023.09.004

Siahaan, D., Raharjana, I. K., & Fatichah, C. (2023). User story extraction from natural language for requirements elicitation: Identify software-related information from online news. Information and Software Technology, 158, 107195. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.INFSOF.2023.107195

Snedeker, J., & Trueswell, J. (2003). Using prosody to avoid ambiguity: Effects of speaker awareness and referential context. Journal of Memory and Language, 48(1), 103–130. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-596X(02)00519-3

The Semantics-Pragmatics Boundary in Philosophy - Google Books. (n.d.). Retrieved October 24,2023, from https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=84RpGGJBxlcC&oi=fnd&pg=PA47&dq=Logic+and+conversation&ots=pGf8qLHprN&sig=fH- PRIT7uUGwDaA1vRcv1mqR8UE&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Logic and conversation&f=false

Triana, M., Herman, H., & Sinurat, B. (2021). An Analysis of Students Perception on the Use of Google Classroom in English Language Learning. Cetta: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(3), 607–618. https://doi.org/10.37329/CETTA.V4I3.1474

Unuabonah, F. O., & Kupolati, O. O. (2023). Generic structure and pragmatic acts in Yoruba traditional weddings in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Pragmatics, 211, 15–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PRAGMA.2023.04.003

van Dijk, T. A. (2011). Discourse Studies : A Multidisciplinary Introduction. 1–432.

Waloyo, E., Lestari, S., Mutiaraningrum, I., Syekh Nurjati Cirebon Jl Perjuangan, I., Barat, J., Setiabudi, J., Timur, J., Negeri Sambas Jl Sejangkung Desa, P., & Barat, K. (2023). Exploring Studies on Cooperative Principle in English Language Teaching: A Literature Review. Metathesis: Journal of English Language, Literature, and Teaching, 7(1), 17–30. https://doi.org/10.31002/METATHESIS.V7I1.157

Xiang, Z., & Demir, I. (2022). Flood Markup Language – A standards-based exchange language for flood risk communication. Environmental Modelling & Software, 152, 105397. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENVSOFT.2022.105397

Yang, Y. T. C., Chuang, Y. C., Li, L. Y., & Tseng, S. S. (2013). A blended learning environment for individualized English listening and speaking integrating critical thinking. Computers & Education, 63, 85–305. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.COMPEDU.2012.12.012

Yeung, K. K. yu, Chan, R. T. chung, Chan, H. yin, Shum, K. K. man, & Tso, R. V. yip. (2023). Word reading transfer in two distinct languages in reading interventions: How Chinese-English bilingual children with reading difficulties learn to read. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 137, 104501.https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RIDD.2023.104501

Yuan, R., & Zhang, T. (2022). Applying big ideas to facilitate reading-writing integration in language classrooms. Journal of  Second Language Writing, 58, 100949.

https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JSLW.2022.100949

Zor, B. M. (2006). Using Grice’s cooperative principle and its maxims to analyze problems of coherence  in Turkish and English essays. https://open.metu.edu.tr/handle/11511/16347

Downloads

Published

2023-10-24

How to Cite

Simanjuntak, C. S., Herman, H., E Silalahi, D., Manurung, R., Tannuary, A., & Afrianti, D. (2023). Pragmatics Analysis on Students’ Conversation at Grade Eleven of State of Vocational High School 1 Pematangsiantar. Anglophile Journal, 3(2), 100–108. https://doi.org/10.51278/anglophile.v3i2.614

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.

Similar Articles

1 2 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.