Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Tasawuf dalam Tembang Macapat
Nowadays there are many moral shifts and the emergence of unscrupulous traits that occur because of a shallow sense of spirituality and a bland awareness of sin. Therefore, it is necessary to instill Sufism education, which aims to get closer to Allah and uphold the sacredness of religious teachings by carrying out religious commands and prohibitions to reach the level of ma’riffatullah. Apart from that, there is also the need to understand the nobility of national culture which contains spiritual and moral educational values. An example is the literary work Tembang Macapat in Serat Wedhatama by Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Arya Mangkunegara IV, this Serat is a Javanese philosophy book which contains noble teachings. And in the wulangreh fiber by Sri Susuhunan Pakubuwana IV, Javanese people have considered this fiber as a guide in living and practicing a moral life in society. The aim of this research is to critically examine and describe the values of Sufism education, the Tembang Macapat Sera Wulangreh and Sera Wedatama songs. This research includes library research and was analyzed using the content analysis method. Checking the validity of the data using triangulation techniques, meaning that the facts obtained must be confirmed by two or more theories. The results of his research show that the values contained in macapat songs are very relevant to the values of Sufism education. These values can be seen in the wulangreh fiber in the pupuh Kinanthi, Gambuh, Pangkur, Maskumambang, Durma, Pucung, and Sinom. Meanwhile, in Serat Wedatama in pupuh pangkur, sinom, pucung, Gambuh, Kinanti, which teaches, patience, asceticism, avoiding sins, training the mind, achieving calm and getting closer to Allah. The results of this research can be recommended as teaching material for character, moral and spiritual education.
Keywords: Education, Tassawuf Values, Macapat
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